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Top 10 jobs that could change the world: continued

Top 10 jobs that could change the world: continued6: Politician

In England, politicians can be MPs (Members of Parliament), MEPs (Members of the European Parliament) or councillors.

MPs are elected by the people in their local constituency to represent them in the House of Commons. MEPs are elected on a regional basis to serve in the European Parliament at Brussels and Strasbourg.

Councillors are elected to serve on their local county, district, parish or community council. In all cases, politicians are able to vote on decisions being made by the authority they are elected to, with the potential to introduce changes for the better.

What qualifications do I need?

All election candidates must be over 18 years of age but there are no minimum entry qualifications. Politicians require a strong commitment to a political party or ideal, and 'grass roots' experience.

Most training is on the job and involves working alongside party whips and other experienced politicians. Politicians need to keep up to date with current affairs by reading journals, magazines and newspapers.

How much does it pay?

Earnings vary greatly from an average of £10,000 in allowances and expenses for a councillor to in excess of £140,000 for a parliamentary minister. MPs and MEPs are also paid allowances to cover staffing, travelling and accommodation expenses.

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7: Barrister

Barristers give specialist legal advice and represent individuals or organisations in court.

What qualifications do I need?

Entrants need to complete an approved law degree, or a non-approved degree followed by a postgraduate conversion course for the academic stage of training.

The vocational stage of training involves completing a Bar Professional Training Course (BPTC) followed by a year of pupillage, spent working and training with an experienced barrister. Trainees spend time shadowing and observing their pupil supervisor, gradually taking on cases as they gain experience.

How much does it pay?

Salaries range from around £10,000 a year during training (pupillage) to £300,000 a year or more for a very experienced barrister.

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8: Counsellor

Counsellors help people who are experiencing difficulties with relationships, bereavement, stress or other personal problems.

What qualifications do I need?

Degrees in social sciences, psychology or human sciences may be a useful (although not essential) preparation for counselling training. Counsellors may take a postgraduate diploma in counselling, or a masters degree in counselling.

How much does it pay?

Salaries range from around £17,000 to £40,000 or more a year. Many charge for a session of 50 minutes at a rate of £30 to £50.

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9: Trade union official

Trade unions stand up for the rights of workers in a particular trade or sector. Their officials work to achieve the best possible working conditions for union members, and campaign on issues of concern.

What qualifications do I need?

While there are no set entry qualifications, many officials have a first degree. This is particularly true of unions that represent professional workers. Useful subjects include industrial relations, politics, labour studies, social policy, law and economics.

How much does it pay?

Salaries start from around £20,000, and rise to £70,000 or more for a union general secretary.

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10: Fundraiser

Fundraisers raise money for not-for-profit organisations, such as charities, universities and schools. They target potential donors and supporters, including individuals, businesses, trusts, foundations and government bodies.

What qualifications do I need?

There is no set entry route. Many fundraisers have degrees, though the right skills and evidence of commitment to the sector are more important than particular qualifications. Experience in areas such as marketing, public relations, sales or advertising can be an advantage.

How much does it pay?

Salaries range from around £18,000 to £60,000 or more.

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